Opinion by Andi Cockroft, chairman CORANZ
It’s well past time when New Zealand’s economic policy was examined and any shortcomings jettisoned.
For example, New Zealand could well consider ditching Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as a measurement of New Zealand’s progress and replace it with Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI). It’s not new. Some economists have already advocated this. At a time when economic disparity continues to widen and the health of the planet is under severe threat, many question the tenet that growth is the appropriate measure of economic sustainability and success. British economist Kate Raworth is one such advocate.
In her book Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st Century Economist – longlisted for the 2017 Financial Times McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award— Kate Raworth issues a clarion call to act creatively and to reframe the economy, by “meeting the needs of all within the means of the planet”.
The Council of Outdoor Recreation Associations has been advocating the change in emphasis over the last three elections in a charter presented to political parties and MPs.
It’s obvious by pressures on not only infrastructure but the quality of life of people, that change to better-balanced criteria is not only desirable but becoming urgent. The quest for growth and more growth is short-sighted.
Two years ago in 2019, Indicators Aotearoa New Zealand was developed by Stats NZ as a source of measures for New Zealand’s well-being. The set of indicators will go beyond economic measures, such as gross domestic product (GDP), to include well-being and sustainable development.
Team of Five Million?
The well-being indicators will build on international best practices and will be tailored to New Zealanders by incorporating cultural and te ao Maori perspectives.
However, it seemed the focus was too narrow and focused only on Maori perspectives.
We are one nation, a mix of European, Maori, Asian and other ancestries. CORANZ is talking about all New Zealanders. To coin an oft-used phrase, “We are a team of 5 million.”
CORANZ’s election charter said, “The index for national prosperity, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) based solely on economic indicators, should be replaced by a Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI_ based on three values – social, environmental and economic, to thus fully measure the quality of life.”
One of the paradoxes of society was that while the economic standard of living and technology had increased, the country’s environmental standard had declined.
Once New Zealanders were land-conscious, outdoor people with physical and mental health and largely satisfaction and contentment. Ironically today we are better housed, better nourished and better entertained but were less prepared to inherit the land or to carry on the pursuit of happiness. Technological developments are amazing and even bewildering, but at the same time, we are falling prey to the weakness of an indoor nation and the flabbiness of a sedentary society.
Gross Domestic Product and its preoccupation with only dollars should not be the chief index to the state of the nation. Statistics on consumerism such as automobile, television sets or washing machine sales or houses built are not a measure of the happiness of society and the health of the environment.